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2001 Scoville Heat Levels Reported PDF Print E-mail

By Dave DeWitt

 

Heat Levels Reported

The Chile Pepper Institute of New Mexico State University has reported on the pungency levels of some of the chile varieties grown in the 2001 Demonstration and Teaching Garden. Dr. Paul Bosland, director of the Institute, cautioned that these heat levels are the result of a single test of chiles grown in that specific environment and therefore should not be considered definitive heat levels for the particular varieties. Factors affecting pungency include genetic background, soil, temperature, fertilizer, and watering practices. The numbers represent Scoville Heat Units (SHU), the standard industry measurement.

Demonstration and Teaching Garden

Chile Pepper Paradise: The Chile Pepper Institute's
Teaching and Demonstration Garden.

Demonstration and Teaching Garden

There are some interesting points about the heat levels below, ranked from least to most pungent. First, ‘Hot Pepper Navajo’ is not very hot at all, with a barely detectable heat level. The variety ‘PC-1', from two different seed sources, was inconsistent, with one being more than ten times the heat of the other. This variety was rumored to be the notorious ‘Tezpur’ or ‘Naga Jolokia," which Indian scientists had called the hottest in the world. Well, with these low scores, it’s not (see our 2006 Update on the Indian chiles here). The hottest variety tested was a chocolate habanero with a rating of more than 300,000 Scoville Units, a very high score. Tabasco scored very high–much higher than the published range, but Dr. Bosland said that this was not unusual.

Dr. Paul Bosland, Danise Coon

Selection of chiles grown at the CPI Teaching Garden

A selection of chiles grown at the Chile Pepper
Institute's
Teaching and Demonstration Garden

 

Dr. Paul Bosland (Director), Danise Coon (Asst. Dir.)

In a test of a variety not grown in the Demonstration Garden but from samples provided by German chile gardener Harald Zoschke, the Birdseye variety from Africa was measured at 112,226 SHU, and the same variety grown in Harald's garden was measured at 99,579 SHU. Harald also grew a Caribbean Red Habaneros which scored amazing 240,808 SHU in an HPLC test.

 

2001 Scoville Test Results

 

Variety

(SHU) Level

Seed Source

 

Hot pepper Navajo

133

Ecoseeds

 

Merah

3273

Ecoseeds

 

Dhanraj

4319

Ecoseeds

 

PC-1

6208

Ecoseeds

 

Chili Maya

11025

Reimer Seed

 

Aji Bento

15542

Reimer Seed

 

Tear of Fire

23580

Park Seed

 

Gambia

26295

Reimer Seed

 

Punjab

29322

Ecoseeds

 

Beni Highland

42240

Reimer Seed

 

African Pequin

56691

Reimer Seed

 

Red Chili

72371

Ecoseeds

 

Scotch Bonnet

75496

Ecoseeds

 

Scotch Bonnet Red

79124

Reimer Seed

 

Suryanki Cluster

80987

Reedwood City

 

PC-1

81984

Reimer Seed

 

Tepin

90677

Ecoseeds

 

Aji Cito

105886

Reimer Seed

 

Assam

119424

Ecoseeds

 

Caribbean Red Habanero

149930

Johnny's Seeds

 

Orange Habanero

174099

NMSU

 

Ecuador Hot

185176

Reimer Seed

 

Tabasco

190524

Enchanted Seed

 

Francisca

231579

Reimer Seed

 

Red Savina

256341

Shepherds Seed

 

Orange Habanero

295529

Ecoseeds

 

Chocolate Brown Habanero

301065

Reimer Seed

 

See also:

Heat Scale Updated, by Dave DeWitt

Photos and Illustration by Harald Zoschke

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