The smoked red jalapeño, known as the chipotle chile, has gained such popularity that there's even a couple of cookbooks devoted to it! It particularly works well with barbecuing and grilling, both of which have considerable smoke associated with them.
Here's a pickled chile recipe from Tlaxcala. These sweet-hot pickled chiles can be the basis of a sauce of their own if they're further puréed, or they can be served as a condiment with enchiladas and other main dishes.
Note that this recipe requires advance preparation.
Since Chile has a 2600-mile coastline, I would be remiss if I didn't include a fish recipe from that country. There is a minimum of grazing land in Chile, so instead of beef being the major source of protein, it is fish and shellfish. The wines of Chile are quite good, so be sure to include a nice chilled Chilean white wine when you serve this Chilean ceviche. Note: This recipe requires advance preparation.